Energy & Climate

Why is climate warming?

The Earth's climate is getting warmer due to the greenhouse effect, caused by excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is also produced naturally, but the amount added by the combustion of fuels is large enough to upset the natural CO2 balance.

The main fuels for the last 100 years have been, and continue to be, fossil fuels: coal, oil and gas, the combustion of which emits greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. 36 200 million tonnes of carbon dioxide and atmospheric CO2 levels have risen from the normal 150-300 ppm. 417 ppm to a level that is the highest level in the last 800 000 years .

Source:: Our World in Data
Source: NOAA

Continued use of fossil fuels accelerates climate warming

The Earth's climate has always changed, but never more rapidly than now..

This gives species, including humans, very little time to adapt to change. The sooner we can slow human-induced climate change, it will be better.

Source: Ministry of Environment

Since the Labour Revolution in the 1790s, the Earth's climate has warmed by 1 degree Celsius due to carbon dioxide emissions, and the last 18 years have been the warmest on record. This will be accompanied in the 21st century by the extinction of terrestrial species, food and water shortages in dry regions, and climate refugees.

Under the Paris climate agreement in December 2015, 194 countries agreed on a binding global action plan to prevent dangerous climate change by keeping the global average temperature rise well below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels.

Energetics is responsible for climate

Source :

The energy sector is the largest source of greenhouse gases in Estonia.In 2017, 88.8% of Estonia's greenhouse gas emissions came from the energy sector.

This makes Estonia one of the highest CO2 emitters per capita in the world.